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Frequently Asked Questions

Find a variety of answers to the most common questions we have received, or submit your own inquiry here and we will be more than pleased to share it with our viewers in our Frequently Asked Questions section.
 

ESIA

FAQ's about the Environment and Social Impact Assessment ( ESIA ) for the Letpadaung Mining Project by Myanmar Wanbao.

Who is responsible to manage to reduce environmental impacts from the Letpadaung Project?

Myanmar Wanbao Mining Copper Limited

What are the main conclusions of the ESIA?

  1. The development of the Letpadaung Copper Project will not have a significant impact on the environment, provided the management measures described in the ESIA document are implemented.

     

  2. The Project can be undertaken with some effects in the Project area, which will not have a long term impact on the environment when compared to the benefit the community and the nation may derive from the Project.

Can you provide details on the approval for the mine, and the role of consultation in relation to the ESIA?

  1. On 3rd June 2010, the Production Sharing Contract of the Letpadaung Mine Project was signed, witnessed by the Prime Minister of China and the Prime Minister of Myanmar.

     

  2. On10th September 2010, Myanmar Wanbao Mining Copper Limited was registered.

     

  3. The registration of land and crops for the Letpadaung Project was completed in 2011 via La Na (39), which resulted in the issue of a 60-year land grant for the Letpadaung Copper Mine to MEHL by the Ministry of Home Affairs on 3 August 2012.

     

  4. The land compensation was completed in 2011 based on the standards formulated by the government.

     

  5. On 24th July 2013, the Amendment Production Sharing Contract of Letpadaung Mine Project was signed.

     

  6. According to related Myanmar laws the Project is legal in all aspects.

What is MWMCL’s plan to prevent water pollution, and what is the percentage of the water pumped from the Chindwin River compared to the total flow of the river every day?

The site is a 'zero-discharge' site and no water release to the Chindwin River is proposed. The site will also have a series of monitoring stations around the site to check that no pollution of water or groundwater occurs in areas outside of the mine.
The impact of the Project on the volume of water from the Chindwin River is very small with less than 0.03% of the lowest dry season flow being used by the Project.

 

 

Can you provide details on how the consultations in relation to the ESIA influence the approval for the mine?

Public consultation is an important part of ESIA approval procedures. The questions and responses will be combined into the final Public Consultation Report and submitted to MOECAF. In accordance to the international ESIA approval process, all the questions raised by villagers will be considered. The Myanmar government and the Wanbao organisation will take responsibilities respectively in order to solve all the related issues to obtain the final approval of the ESIA.

 

How many skilled jobs will be available? How many unskilled jobs will be available? When?

The workforce estimates suggest a total workforce of 2,000 persons will be required for the Construction Phase of the Project and about 2,500 persons during the Operational Phase.

 

Skilled Unskilled Total
Construction Period 1,200-1,400 (60%-70%) 600-800 (30%-40%) 2,000
Operational Period 2,000 (80%) 500 (20%) 2,500

 

MWMCL holds special education and training for drivers, mechanics, computer operations, and languages in Chinese and English, as well as many more in order for unskilled employees to upgrade their comprehensive competency and skills, which will then ensure them to be suitable for different positions and future growth within the organisation . Once the Project starts full construction an increase of jobs will become available.

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What is the current status of compensation?

Wanbao has proactively engaged with the government at all stages of the compensation process, and has paid compensation many times higher than the legal requirements. Since June 2010, we have paid land compensations/subsidies to Project-affected villagers three times. (3x)
The first payment is the compensation according to the Myanmar laws together with the first subsidy, which is three times the market price of the compensation for the crops (between 525,000 and 552,000 Kyats), as guided by the regional government. All of the Project-affected villagers have taken up the first payment. Accordingly, land grant for the Letpadaung Mine was issued to MEHL by the Ministry of Home Affairs on 3rd August 2012. In March 2013, in accordance with the Investigation Report of the Letpadaung Project led by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, we started to pay second subsidies to the Project affected villagers. A total of 3,442.55 acres of land have been taken up by related villagers so far, which totals more than 3.56 billion kyats. The criteria for the land compensation, made by the Government, ranges between 1 -1.5 million Kyats per acre, and considers the different types of land values. This compensation is much higher than the legal requirements. Starting from February 3 2014, the government started to pay the third-time subsidy to the villagers. Approximately 874 villagers had taken up the subsidies for 2,435.16 acres of land by March 13, 2014.

 

How does the Project treat domestic waste?

Disposal of domestic solid waste will occur in designated landfill cells within the WRDs. The base of the cells will be compacted to prevent seepage. Once a cell is full, it will be covered with a low permeability compacted soil capping. The capping will be constructed to shed storm water.

How will MWMCL mitigate the acid mist concentration, especially around the HLPs and SX-EW PLANT?

The use of the dripper system for delivery of acid to the HLPs will not generate acid mist around the HLPs.
The monitoring plan for acid mist is proposed simply to assure the community that MWMCL will be checking to ensure no mist is generated.
In addition, the planted vegetation in the buffer bunds and on topsoil stockpiles around the SX-EW Plant and HLPs will indicate any mist occurring, as the spotting on leaves is clearly visible if any mist is dispersed.

How will MWMCL collect and store topsoil?

Based on the ESIA requirements, the top soil and subsoil stripping depth is more than 40cm.
There are special places in the Project area to store topsoil and subsoil.
On the edge of the Project area, the top soil and subsoil bunds will be constructed and rehabilitated to prevent dust and noise.
Topsoil will be used for progressive rehabilitation, during and after the mine closure. All the topsoil and subsoil will be used to rehabilitate WRD, HLP and other Project areas.

 

After the mine closure, will the polluted water in the pit lake flow over the Project and into the Chindwin River?

Upon completion of mining, the mine dewatering system will cease to operate and a pit lake will form. Pit lake water balance modelling indicates that the pit lake will be of low to moderate salinity (2,500 mg/l to 3,500 mg/l TDS) and that the steady state lake level will be below the pit crest and below the regional groundwater level. Due to evaporation from the pit lake surface the pit lake will act as a 'hydraulic sink' meaning that groundwater will flow towards the pit. The impact of the pit lake on the regional groundwater quality will therefore be minimal.

Could you introduce some information related to the health surveillance in the villages around the Project?

MWMCL will conduct monitoring of health by observing 6 people per village on a quarterly basis. These people will be selected to give a range of age and gender. The health monitoring will focus on airborne and water related diseases and linked to vectors that are generated from the site.

How will the rehabilitation be conducted after the mine closure?

In order to better protect the Project area environment, the Conceptual Mine Closure Plan has been formulated by Knight Piésold PTY. Ltd.
The closure design will ensure that the risk of harm to humans, fauna or domestic animals is reduced as far as reasonably practicable.

Measures will also be included to:

  1. Reduce the likelihood of contamination of groundwater or surface water by the mine pit after closure. Cover systems are an integral design component for the successful reclamation and closure of the Project.

     

  2. All structures shall be removed;

     

  3. All waste shall be buried at least three metres below a finished surface;

     

  4. Concrete should be broken up and buried;

     

  5. All batters should be flattened to at least a 1V:4H slope for public safety;

     

  6. All areas should be ripped, scarified, topsoiled and then seeded to encourage vegetated cover, unless otherwise agreed with the local community.

 

After mine closure, the land-use and surface water management planning are shown in the following figure.

 

mine-closure-map-wanbao-myanmar

 

 


Jobs and Employment

FAQs about employment opportunities for the Letpadaung Project, who to contact and how to apply.

What is the minimum age to work at MWMCL?

The minimum working age at MWMCL is 18-years old, in accordance to Labour Laws.

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How many skilled jobs will be available? How many unskilled jobs will be available? When?

The workforce estimates suggest a total workforce of 2,000 persons will be required for the Construction Phase of the Project and about 2,500 persons during the Operational Phase.

 

Skilled Unskilled Total
Construction Period 1,200-1,400 (60%-70%) 600-800 (30%-40%) 2,000
Operational Period 2,000 (80%) 500 (20%) 2,500

 

MWMCL holds special education and training for drivers, mechanics, computer operations, and languages in Chinese and English, as well as many more in order for unskilled employees to upgrade their comprehensive competency and skills, which will then ensure them to be suitable for different positions and future growth within the organisation . Once the Project starts full construction an increase of jobs will become available.

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Can women apply for jobs at MWMCL?

Yes. Opportunities for women include low-danger and low-risk occupations.

How do I apply for a job, and where?

To apply for jobs at MWMCL reply to postings either presented on our website, or according to instructions in local newspapers and Job Notice Boards.

Click here to Join MWMCL: Apply Online with Myanmar Wanbao

Does MWMCL provide accommodation and transportation?

MWMCL provides accommodation for employees coming from outside Monywa, and also provides daily shuttle bus for local workers between their home-villages and pre-established work locations.

What education do I need to work at the mine?

A professional Technician or Engineer is required to hold a university degree with relevant education majoring in mining, metallurgy, mechanics, electronics, civil, geology, chemistry and other related subjects. Opportunities are all posted with necessary prerequisites and educational requirements

Do I need to take a medical exam?

Every potential employee needs to pass the medical test before being employed in order to make sure they are physically fit for their proposed positions. MWMCL also provides medical tests for all employees every year to monitor and to ensure employees' health.

What work experience do I need to work in the mine?

Professional positions require professional training, varying from university education to diploma education based on the job requirements. Work experience is always an asset for professional placement. Non-professional positions are based on the related work, and necessary work experience varies according to the job requirements.